Reza Shah Pahlavi Flees Iran Ca. 1953Unknown - 1947
The Abadan crisis of 1951-1953 called into question the role of Western involvement in the Middle East. In 1951 the Iranian politician Mohammed Mossadeq passed legislation breaking the terms of the Anglo-Persian Treaty of 1919. This legislation effectively nationalized the Iranian oil industry, which was at the time controlled by Britain from its refinery at Abadan. Reza Pahlavi, shah of Iran, then appointed the popular Mossadeq as prime minister. Outraged at this appointment, Britain boycotted Iranian oil, creating an economic crisis in Iran. In 1953, responding to reports that Mossadeq was attempting to make an alliance with the Soviet Union, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the British Secret Service worked to overthrow the prime minister, and the shah eventually tried to remove Mossadeq from office. This caused such public outrage that the shah was forced to flee Iran. The shah was soon returned to power, however, backed by the United States.
Publisher: [Place of publication not identified] : , WPA Film Library, , 
Copyright Date: ©1947
Characteristics: video file,rda 1 online resource (1 video file (1 min., 33 sec.)) : sound